A Superior Court jury in King County, Washington, delivered its verdict against the pilot, Preston Cavner, on April 11. Court documents show the jurors laid 100 percent of the responsibility for the death and injuries in the crash on Cavner, who was flying his wife and sons and a babysitter out to a lodge.
The Cavners blamed the plane’s engine manufacturers for a faulty product. The companies included Continental Motors, Ace Aviation and Northwest Seaplanes. That claim came about two years after the National Transportation Safety Board found the cause of the crash was a plane overloaded with timber and tiles.
Preston Cavner became a defendant in the case when his wife and sons, through their attorney, filed cross claims against him. He denied overloading the plane leading up to the trial but changed his story on the stand, said attorney Will Skinner, who represented Continental Motors.
It took over four years for the case to end with the trial, and Skinner said the lawsuit should have never been filed.
“Numerous witnesses gave interviews about what they observed” on the day of the accident, Skinner said. “Almost everyone said the engine was running fine. It was clear what happened. The guy (Cavner) overloaded the plane – too many people and too much stuff.”
Cavner took off from Merrill Field near downtown Anchorage on the afternoon of June 1, 2010, headed for the family lodge in Port Alsworth, 180 miles west of Anchorage, with his family and the children's babysitter. Witnesses said the Cessna U206F flew off-kilter, its nose too high. The plane crashed next to a vacant building on the corner of Seventh Avenue and Ingra Street, about a half-mile from the runway.
The Cavners' 4-year-old son, Myles, was killed. The other passengers -- Preston Cavner and his wife Stacie; their 2-year-old son, Hudson; and babysitter Rachel Zientek -- all suffered severe injuries.
Ace Aviation and Northwest Seaplanes settled with the plaintiffs before the trial, said Bob Hopkins, who represented Stacie Cavner, Zientek and her parents. He said the terms of the settlements were confidential. Court documents say Continental rebuilt the engine; Northwest Seaplanes replaced parts on the engine; and Ace Aviation serviced the aircraft and engine in Washington, and conducted an inspection of the work.
Preston Cavner was represented separately. He and his attorney wouldn't comment about the outcome of the case.
Hopkins said there were appealable issues being considered. He was able to make a claim that the plane engine was mismanufactured, and that Continental Motors failed to warn and properly instruct owners about that alleged issue. The plaintiffs weren’t able to bring forward another argument that the engine had a design defect, he said.
Jurors calculated damages totaling millions for the victims of the plane crash. The verdict absolved Continental from owing money. However, attorneys for Stacie Cavner and her sons filed cross-claims against Preston, arguing they didn’t blame him but if the jury found otherwise, judgments should be entered for injuries and damages.
Hopkins said he doesn’t know if his clients will seek the money. They don’t expect to be able to retrieve it, he said.
“We were disappointed in the result. We think we were precluded from putting on major parts of our case to the jury, which provided appealable issues under consideration right now,” Hopkins said.
Skinner (the defense attorney who represented Continental) disagreed. The jury sent a very strong message when it faulted Preston Cavner, he said.
“I really don’t think there is a valid argument given the evidence,” Skinner said.
The defense argued against the plaintiffs’ claim that the engine was somehow defective. As the trial wound down, Skinner asked jurors to focus on the accounts of about a dozen eyewitnesses to the crash.
Skinner traveled to Alaska to record video interviews with the witnesses for the trial. Attempts to move the trial from Washington to Alaska were unsuccessful, and showing the recordings in court was the most efficient course of action, he said.
The videos separately confirmed some of the findings of the NTSB accident report released in January 2011. The report’s findings weren’t admissible in court, Skinner said.
According to the report, the plane was overloaded by more than 650 pounds, including 400 pounds of lumber and 300 pounds of tile.
The report also includes an interview with a mechanic who "stated he saw the pilot operate the airplane in what he believed was an overweight condition on four or five separate occasions." The same mechanic said he had not seen the pilot weigh any cargo loaded into the plane on those occasions.
Preston Cavner maintained he did not overload the plane prior to trial, according to Skinner. During the trial, he allegedly claimed two Alaska companies trained him to load planes at about 15 percent over their maximum gross weight, he said.
The owners of both companies -- Lake and Peninsula Air and Lake Clark Air Inc. -- signed declarations in March stating they never trained Cavner to load planes, let alone overload aircraft.
Skinner said he interviewed many mechanics and seasoned aviators.
“He significantly overloaded the plane, and that’s essentially the case we put on. There wasn’t anything wrong with the engine, and I think from the results of the verdict, the jury got that very clearly,” he said.
Original article can be found here: http://www.adn.com
NTSB Identification: ANC10FA048
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Tuesday, June 01, 2010 in Anchorage, AK
Probable Cause Approval Date: 03/16/2011
Aircraft: CESSNA U206F, registration: N59352
Injuries: 1 Fatal, 4 Serious.
NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.
The commercial pilot and four passengers, three of whom were of the pilot's immediate family, were departing in a single-engine airplane on a personal cross-country flight to their lodge. The airplane was loaded with lumber, building materials, groceries, personal luggage, plants, and other items for the lodge. Two witnesses said that just before it took off the airplane was loaded so heavily that its tires looked almost flat.
The pilot reported to the NTSB that shortly after takeoff, at an estimated altitude of 150 feet, he raised the wing flaps from 30 degrees to 20 degrees, and the airplane began to sink. He said he started a slight right turn, but did not recall anything after that. According to multiple witnesses, the airplane was in an exaggerated nose-high, tail-low attitude, and struggling to climb as it approached the accident site. They related that the engine sounded loud, as if operating at full power, before it crashed into a parking lot and an unoccupied building.
A postimpact fire, and cargo in the cabin, slowed rescuers from quickly removing the victims. Four of the occupants survived with serious burns and other injuries; the pilot’s 4-year-old son was killed.
The cargo remaining in the pod and cabin after the fire was weighed, and exemplar weights were used for the burned materials. Using conservative weights, which did not include some burned items like a large container of detergent, the airplane’s total weight was estimated to be at least 658.2 pounds over its allowable gross weight, with a center of gravity significantly beyond the aft-most limit.
Both the aircraft and cargo pod manufacturer state maximum wing flap extension limits for takeoff; the aircraft manufacturer’s pilot operating handbook notes 20 degrees should be the maximum, and the cargo pod manufacturer notes a maximum of 10 degrees. Selecting more flap extension than recommended induces additional aerodynamic drag and adversely affects the airplane’s acceleration and ability to climb.
Federal air regulations require that children 2 years of age or older must be secured with a lap belt. Both of the child passengers, age 2 and 4 years, were not secured with a lap belt and were sitting on the two other passenger’s laps. During the crash sequence, the right front seat passenger was unable to hold onto the 4 year old. The child was pinned by the unsecured cargo and died in the fire.
Postaccident inspections of the airplane disclosed no preaccident mechanical anomalies that would have precluded normal operation.
The excessive overloading of the airplane, coupled with the aft center of gravity and the pilot’s excessive use of flaps, placed the airplane well beyond its operating limitations, and made a successful takeoff highly improbable.
The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:
The pilot’s decision to load the airplane well beyond its allowable weight and center of gravity limits, resulting in a loss of control during the initial climb. Contributing to the severity of the injuries was the pilot’s decision to allow two child passengers to sit on other passenger's laps without restraints, and his failure to properly secure the cargo in the cabin. Also contributing was the pilot's excessive extension of the wing flaps.
The FAA has several avenues available to the public if they want to report their knowledge of an unsafe operation in the aviation community. This report can be done anonymously. The telephone numbers are 1-866-835-5322 (1-866-TELL-FAA) or 1-800-255-1111.